Biomarker Details - Myriad RBM
 
 

Myoglobin

Myoglobin is a monomeric heme protein that is structurally related to hemoglobin. Very little free myoglobin is in circulation. It is synthesized and found predominantly in skeletal and cardiac muscle. During the course of a myocardial infarction (MI), myoglobin escapes from the ischemic cardiac muscle and can reach levels 5-10 times normal levels during the first 5-18 hours. A wide variety of pathological processes that damage skeletal muscles, cause release of myoglobin into the circulation. Muscle damage resulting in high levels of myoglobinuria is clinically referred to as rhabdomyolysis. Measurement of myoglobin in rhabdomyolysis may be useful to determine the likelihood of significant renal toxicity. A high serum myoglobin level associated with a low urine myoglobin clearance rate indicates high risk for renal failure. A high serum myoglobin level with high myoglobin clearance rate indicates low risk for renal failure. A relatively low serum myoglobin level indicates minimal risk for renal failure.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P02144


Publications

Multiplex immunoassay analysis of plasma shows prominent upregulation of growth factor activity pathways linked to GSK3├č signaling in bipolar patients (2013) Haenisch F, Alsaif M, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Dickerson F, Yolken R, Bahn S Journal of Affective Disorders

Identification of blood-based molecular signatures for prediction of response and relapse in schizophrenia patients (2012) Schwarz E, Guest PC, Steiner J, Bogerts B, Bahn S Translational Psychiatry (2012) 2, e82

Association of serum markers with improvement in clinical response measures after treatment with golimumab in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis despite receiving methotrexate: results from the GO-FORWARD study (2010) Visvanathan S, Rahman MU, Keystone E, Genovese M, Klareskog L, Hsia E, Mack M, Buchanan J, Elashoff M, Wagner C Arthritis Res Ther. 12:R211

Validation of a Multivariate Serum Profile for Epithelial Ovarian Cancer Using a Prospective Multi-Site Collection (2010) Seshaiah P, Bertenshaw GP, Chen TH, Bergstrom KJ, Zhao J, Mapes JP, Stephen LL, Amonkar S, McCollum ME, Miller BE, Roman LD, Karlan BY, Chalas E, DiSilvestro PA, Barter JF, Orr Jr JW, Bigsby IV GE, Holloway RW, Alvarez RD, Yip PF, Mansfield BC Nature Precedings Jul 2010.

Development and Preliminary Evaluation of a Multivariate Index Assay for Ovarian Cancer. (2009) Amonkar SD, Bertenshaw GP, Chen TH, Bergstrom KJ, Zhao J, Seshaiah P, Yip P, Mansfield BC PLoS ONE 4: e4599.

Phase I study of eptifibatide in patients with sickle cell anaemia. (2007) Lee SP, Ataga KI, Zayed M, Manganello JM, Orringer EP, Phillips DR, Parise LV Br J Haematol 139: 612-620.

Multi-Analyte Profiling of Post-Myocardial Infarction Plasma Samples. (2007) Escobar GP and Lindsey ML FASEB J. 21: 746.11.