Biomarker Details - Myriad RBM
 
 

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF)

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF) is an integral growth factor that is active in angiogenesis, vasculogenesis, and endothelial cell growth. It induces endothelial cell proliferation, promotes cell migration, inhibits apoptosis, and induces permeabilization of blood vessels. It binds primarily to the FLT1/VEGFR1 and KDR/VEGFR2 receptors, heparan sulfate, and heparin. NRP1/Neuropilin-1 binds isoforms VEGF-165 and VEGF-145. The isoform VEGF165B binds to KDR but does not activate downstream signaling pathways, nor does it activate angiogenesis or inhibit tumor growth. VEGF is important in the pathophysiology of neuronal and other tumors, probably functioning as a potent promoter of angiogenesis. It is also involved with altering blood-brain-barrier functions under normal and pathological conditions. VEGF secreted from the stromal cells may be responsible for the endothelial cell proliferation in capillary hemangioblastomas which are composed of abundant microvasculature and primitive angiogenic elements represented by stromal cells. VEGF expression is regulated by growth factors, cytokines, gonadotropins, nitric oxide, hypoxia, hypoglycemia, and oncogenic mutations.

Swiss-Prot Accession Number: P15692


Publications

Implementing lessons learned from previous bronchial biopsy trials in a new randomized controlled COPD biopsy trial with roflumilast (2014) Barnes NC, Saetta M, Rabe KF BMC Pulm Med. 2014 Jan 31;14(1):9

Significance of plasma adiponectin for diagnosis, neurological severity and functional outcome in ischemic stroke - Research for Biomarkers in Ischemic Stroke (REBIOS) (2014) Matsuo R, Ago T, Kamouchi M, Kuroda J, Kuwashiro T, Hata J, Sugimori H, Fukuda K, Gotoh S, Makihara N, Fukuhara M, Awano H, Isomura T, Suzuki K, Yasaka M, Okada Y, Kiyohara Y, Kitazono T BMC Neurol. 2013 Apr 8;13:32

Spheroid formation of human thyroid cancer cells (2014) Warnke E, Pietsch J, Wehland M, Bauer J, Infanger M, G├Âr├Âg M, Hemmersbach R, Braun M, Ma X, Sahana J, Grimm D Warnke et al. Cell Communication and Signaling 2014, 12:32

Serum protein profiling reveals baseline and pharmacodynamic biomarker signatures associated with clinical outcome in mCRC patients treated with chemotherapy ┬▒ cediranib. (2014) Pommier AJ, Shaw R, Spencer SK, Morgan SR, Hoff PM, Robertson JD, Barry ST, J├╝rgensmeier JM. British Journal of Cancer 2014 Aug 14. doi: 10.1038/bjc.2014.436. [Epub ahead of print]

The effects of vitamin A on cells of innate immunity in vitro (2013) Wojtal K, Wolfram L, Frey-Wagner I, Lang S, Scharl M, Vavricka SR, Rogler G Toxicology in Vitro,

Clinical significance of plasma VEGF value in ischemic stroke - research for biomarkers in ischemic stroke (REBIOS) study (2013) Matsuo R, Ago T, Kamouchi M, Kuroda J, Kuwashiro T, Hata J, Sugimori H, Fukuda K, Gotoh S, Makihara N, Fukuhara M, Awano H, Isomura T, Suzuki K, Yasaka M, Okada Y, Kiyohara Y, Kitazono T BMC Neurol. 2013 Apr 8;13(1):32

Heart-type fatty acid binding protein and vascular endothelial growth factor: cerebrospinal fluid biomarker candidates for AlzheimerÔÇÖs disease (2013) Guo L, Alexopoulos P, Perneczky R European Archives of Psychiatry and Clinical Neuroscience

Prognostic/predictive value of 207 serum factors in colorectal cancer treated with cediranib and/or chemotherapy (2013) Spencer SK, Pommier AJ, Morgan SR, Barry ST, Robertson JD, Hoff PM, J├╝rgensmeier JM Br J Cancer. 2013 Oct 22

Differential gene expression profile and altered cytokine secretion of thyroid cancer cells in space (2013) Ma X, Pietsch J, Wehland M, Schulz H, Saar K, H├╝bner N, Bauer J, Braun M, Schwarzw├Ąlder A, Segerer J, Birlem M, Horn A, Hemmersbach R, Wa├čer K, Grosse J, Infanger M, Grimm D FASEB J. 2013 Nov 6. [Epub ahead of print]

First-in-Human Phase I Study of PRS-050 (Angiocal), an Anticalin Targeting and Antagonizing VEGF-A, in Patients with Advanced Solid Tumors (2013) Mross K, Richly H, Fischer R, Scharr D, B├╝chert M, Stern A, Gille H, Audoly LP, Scheulen ME PLoS One. 2013 Dec 13;8(12):e83232

Multiplex immunoassay analysis of plasma shows prominent upregulation of growth factor activity pathways linked to GSK3├č signaling in bipolar patients (2013) Haenisch F, Alsaif M, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Dickerson F, Yolken R, Bahn S Journal of Affective Disorders

A Canonical Transforming Growth Factor Beta-Dependent Signaling Pathway is Present in Peripheral Blood Cells of Cancer Patients with Skeletal Metastasis (2013) KadamS, Cleverly AL, Farmen M, Grondin J, Cox YI, Lahn M J Mol Biomark Diagn 2013, 4:3

Plasma biomarkers of depressive symptoms in older adults (2012) Arnold SE, Xie SX, Leung YY, Wang LS, Kling MA, Han X, Kim EJ, Wolk DA, Bennett DA, Chen-Plotkin A, Grossman M, Hu W, Lee VMY, Mackin RS, Trojanowski JQ, Wilson RS, Shaw LM Translational Psychiatry (2012) 2, e65;

Expanding the Psoriasis Disease Profile: Interrogation of the Skin and Serum of Patients with Moderate-to-Severe Psoriasis (2012) Suárez-Fariñas M, Li K, Fuentes-Duculan J, Hayden K, Brodmerkel C, Krueger JG J Invest Dermatol. 2012 Jul 5

Markers of inflammation and bone remodelling associated with improvement in clinical response measures in psoriatic arthritis patients treated with golimumab (2012) Wagner CL, Visvanathan S, Elashoff M, McInnes IB, Mease PJ, Krueger GG, Murphy FT, Papp K, Gomez-Reino JJ, Mack M, Beutler A, Gladman D, Kavanaugh A Ann Rheum Dis. 2012 Sep 12. [Epub ahead of print]

Screening for New Biomarkers for Subcortical Vascular Dementia and AlzheimerÔÇÖs Disease (2011) ├ľhrfelt A, Andreasson U, Simon A, Zetterberg H, Edman A, Potter W, Holder D, Devanarayan V, Seeburger J, Smith AD, Blennow K, Wallin A Dement Geriatr Cogn Disord Extra 1: 31ÔÇô42.

Multiplexed Immunoassay Panel Identifies Novel CSF Biomarkers for Alzheimer's Disease Diagnosis and Prognosis (2011) Craig-Schapiro R, Kuhn M, Xiong C, Pickering EH, Liu J, Misko TP, Perrin RJ, Bales KR, Soares H, Fagan AM, Holtzman DM PLoS One. 2011 Apr 19;6(4):e18850

Molecular Markers for Diagnosis of Periprosthetic Joint Infection (2011) Jacovides CL, Parvizi J, Adeli B, Jung KA J Arthroplasty. 2011 May 12. [Epub ahead of print]

Bone Marrow Derived Mesenchymal Stromal Cells are Attracted by Multiple Myeloma Cell-Produced Chemokine CCL25 and Favor Myeloma Cell Growth In Vitro and In Vivo (2011) Xu S, Menu E, De Becker A, Van Camp B, Vanderkerken K, Van Riet I Stem Cells. 2011 Nov 18. [Epub ahead of print]

Treatment of experimental anterior and intermediate uveitis by a dexamethasone intravitreal implant (2011) Ghosn CR, Li Y, Orilla WC, Lin T, Wheeler L, Burke JA, Robinson MR, Whitcup SM Invest Ophthalmol Vis Sci. 2011 May 2;52(6):2917-23

Classification of Alcohol Abuse by Plasma Protein Biomarkers. (2010) Freeman WM, Salzberg AC, Gonzales SW, Grant KA, Vrana KE Biol Psychiatry 68: 219-22.

Association of serum markers with improvement in clinical response measures after treatment with golimumab in patients with active rheumatoid arthritis despite receiving methotrexate: results from the GO-FORWARD study (2010) Visvanathan S, Rahman MU, Keystone E, Genovese M, Klareskog L, Hsia E, Mack M, Buchanan J, Elashoff M, Wagner C Arthritis Res Ther. 12:R211

Bevacizumab therapy normalizes the pathological intraocular environment beyond neutralizing VEGF (2010) Sharma RK, Rogojina AT, Chalam KV Mol Vi. 16: 2175-2184.

Safety and efficacy of INCB018424, a JAK1 and JAK2 inhibitor, in myelofibrosis (2010) Verstovsek S, Kantarjian H, Mesa RA, Pardanani AD, Cortes-Franco J, Thomas DA, Estrov Z, Fridman JS, Bradley EC, Erickson-Viitanen S, Vaddi K, Levy R, Tefferi A N Engl J Med. 363: 1117-27.

Limited Systemic Sclerosis Patients with Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension Show Biomarkers of Inflammation and Vascular Injury (2010) Pendergrass SA, Hayes E, Farina G, Lemaire R, Farber HW, Whitfield ML, Lafyatis R. PLoS ONE 5: e12106.

Identification of distinct plasma biomarker signatures in patients with rapid and slow declining forms of COPD (2010) Devanarayan V, Scholand MB, Hoidal J, Leppert MF, Crackower MA, O'Neill GP, Gervais FG COPD 7: 51-58.

Validation of a Blood-Based Laboratory Test to Aid in the Confirmation of a Diagnosis of Schizophrenia (2010) Schwarz E, Izmailov R, Spain M, Barnes A, Mapes JP, Guest PC, Rahmoune H, Pietsch S, Leweke FM, Rothermundt M, Steiner J, Koethe D, Kranaster L, Ohrmann P, Suslow T, Levin Y, Bogerts B, (JM) van Beveren N, McAllister G, Weber N, Niebuhr D, Cowan D, Yolken RH, Bahn S Biomark Insights5: 39ÔÇô47.

Novel CSF biomarkers for Alzheimer's disease and mild cognitive impairment (2010) Hu WT, Chen-Plotkin A, Arnold SE, Grossman M, Clark CM, Shaw LM, Pickering E, Kuhn M, Chen Y, McCluskey L, Elman L, Karlawish J, Hurtig HI, Siderowf A, Lee VM, Soares H, Trojanowski JQ Acta Neuropathol 119: 669-678.

Plasma Protein Profiling Reveals Protein Clusters Related to BMI and Insulin Levels in Middle-Aged Overweight Subjects (2010) van Dijk SJ, Feskens EJM, Heidema AG, Bos MB, van de Rest O, Geleijnse JM, de Groot LCPGM, Muller M, Afman LA PLoS ONE 12: e14422.

Multi analyte profiling and variability of inflammatory markers in blood and induced sputum in patients with stable COPD (2010) Aaron SD, Vandemheen KL, Ramsay T, Zhang C, Avnur Z, Nikolcheva T, Quinn A Respir Res. 2010 Apr 22;11:41

Heart Failure Therapy Mediated by the Trophic Activities of Bone Marrow Mesenchymal Stem Cells: A Non-invasive Therapeutic Regimen. (2009) Shabbir A, Zisa D, Suzuki G, Lee T Am J Physiol Heart Circ Physiol 296: H1888-H1897.

Multiplex Immunoassay Analysis of Biomarkers in Clinically Accessible Quantities of Human Aqueous Humor. (2009) Sharma RK, Rogojina AT, Chalam KV Mol Vis 15: 60-69.

The Link Between Heightened Thrombogenicity and Inflammation: Pre-Procedure Characterization of the Patient at High Risk for Recurrent Events After Stenting. (2009) Gurbel PA, Bliden KP, Kreutz RP, Dichiara J, Antonino MJ, Tantry US Platelets 20: 97-104.

Mitogen-activated protein kinase kinase signaling promotes growth and vascularization of fibrosarcoma. (2008) Ding Y, Boguslawski EA, Berghuis BD, Young JJ, Zhang Z, Hardy K, Furge K, Kort E, Frankel AE, Hay RV, Resau JH, Duesbery NS Mol Cancer Ther 7: 648-658.

Enzastaurin, an oral serine/threonine kinase inhibitor, as second- or third-line therapy of non-small-cell lung cancer. (2008) Oh Y, Herbst RS, Burris H, Cleverly A, Musib L, Lahn M, Bepler G J Clin Oncol 26: 1135-1141.

Modeled gravitational unloading induced downregulation of endothelin-1 in human endothelial cells. (2007) Infanger M, Ulbrich C, Baatout S, Wehland M, Kreutz R, Bauer J, Grosse J, Vadrucci S, Cogoli A, Derradji H, Neefs M, K├╝sters S, Spain M, Paul M, Grimm D J Cell Biochem 101: 1439-1455.

Neighboring adipocytes participate in the bone marrow microenvironment of multiple myeloma cells. (2007) Caers J, Deleu S, Belaid Z, De Raeve H, Van Valckenborgh E, De Bruyne E, Defresne MP, Van Riet I, Van Camp B, Vanderkerken K Leukemia 21: 1580-1584.